Studying the effects of such factors as race, gender, and social class, sociologists help us understand and negotiate our diverse society.
Overview. Demography is the study of the basic demographic processes of fertility, mortality, and migration and their relationships with and consequences for population distributions of various kinds including age and sex composition and the spatial distribution of population.
Sociologists study human behavior, interaction, and organization. They observe the activity of social, religious, political, and economic groups, organizations, and institutions. They examine the effect of social influences, including organizations and institutions, on different individuals and groups.
The study of demography is of immense importance to an economy. Population studies help us to know how far the growth rate of the economy is keeping pace with the growth rate of population. If population is increasing at a faster rate, the pace of development of the economy will be slow.
We have commented that population change is an important source of other changes in society. The study of population is so significant that it occupies a special subfield within sociology called demography. To be more precise, demography is the study of changes in the size and composition of population.
The five main demographic segments are age, gender, occupation, cultural background, and family status.
There are different varieties of demography, including formal demography which is a largely quantitative field, and social demography which focuses on the social, economic or political aspects of populations.
Demographic information examples include: age, race, ethnicity, gender, marital status, income, education, and employment. You can easily and effectively collect these types of information with survey questions.
A demographic refers to distinct characteristics of a population. Researchers use demographic analysis to analyze whole societies or just groups of people. Some examples of demographics are age, sex, education, nationality, ethnicity, or religion, to name a few.
Educational Attainment Level. Employment Status. Income Level/Poverty Status.
ˌdē-mə- demographics plural : the statistical characteristics of human populations (such as age or income) used especially to identify markets. a change in the state’s demographics. business : a market or segment of the population identified by demographics. trying to reach a younger demographic.
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